2 edition of Air pollution by ozone in Europe in 1999 and the summer of 2000 found in the catalog.
by Office for Official Publications of the European Communities in Luxembourg
Written in English
|Statement||prepared by Frank de Leeuw ... [et al.].|
|Series||Topic report -- no.1|
|Contributions||Leeuw, Frank de., European Environment Agency.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||55|
Air pollution by ozone in Europe in (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: European Environment Agency. OCLC Number: Participants with household air pollution exposure were 41% more likely to have COPD (adjusted OR=, 95% CI to ) than those without the exposure, and % (% to %) of COPD.
The occurrence of high concentrations of ozone during summer episodes in the troposphere over Europe is a problem still unsolved. Although a number of measures have been implemented that will achieve a further reduction of precursor emissions in the next years, this will not be sufficient to reduce the ozone concentration to levels below thresholds set up to protect human health and plants. National Research Council, Rethinking the ozone problem in urban and regional air pollution. Washington, DC: National Academic Press, European Union, Ozone Position Paper.
OZONE AIR POLLUTION AND HEALTH Studies have indicated that exposure to ground-level ozone air pollution, even at very low levels, can cause a number of respiratory health effects — particularly over time. Symptoms of Ozone Exposure When people breathe ozone air pollution, the lining of their lungs can become irritated and inflamed. ozone (year ) and ozone & climate change (year with year as reference year) impacts on C storage in the biomass of forests in the Europe. In Chapter 5 the effects of ozone on C.
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Air pollution by ozone in Europe in and summer page 4 summer at stations which recorded at least one exceedance. The average maximum hourly concentration during an exceedance of the threshold in was µg/m3. • 3In exceedance of the threshold value for warning of the population ( µg/m for hourly.
Air pollution by ozone in Europe in and the summer of Topic report No 1/ Prepared by: Frank de Leeuw, Rob Sluyter, Peter van Breugel, Ferdinand Bogman. Air pollution by ozone in Europe in and the summer of Copenhagen, Denmark: European Environment Agency ; Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities [distributor] ; Lanham, MD: Bernan Associates [USA distributor], © (OCoLC) Material Type.
ozone episodes in summer was based upon data made available by the end of Septembera delay of one to six months, while the normal production time from field measurements to validated assessment reports is rarely less than. the Council adopted in the Directive 92/72/EEC on air pollution by ozone.
The Directive came into force on 21 March It established procedures for harmonised monitoring of ozone concentrations, exchanging of information, communicating and alerting the population regarding ozone and to optimise the action needed to reduce ozone formation.
Air pollution affects us in many ways, perhaps more than we realize. Most important and obvious are the direct effects on human health. Recent research indicates that small particles (PM) in the air caused nearly premature deaths within the 28 EU countries in the year Another 16 premature deaths was caused by ground-level ozone, and exposure to nitrogen.
Air pollution by ozone in Europe in summer page 4 1. Introduction Ozone is the main product of complex photochemical processes in the lower atmosphere involving oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds as precursors of ozone formation.
Ozone is a strong photochemical oxidant. Its elevated concentrations cause serious. Air pollution by ozone across Europe during summer Executive summary Despite efforts to mitigate ozone pollution, the number of exceedances of EU ground-level ozone concentration standards for protecting human health (Directive /50/EC) remained at sustained levels during summer (1).
Inthe threshold of µg/m3 maximum. Air pollution by ozone in Europe in summer page 5 Executive Summary Ground-level ozone is one of the air pollutants of most concern in Europe. Ozone pollution is produced by photochemical processes involving nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in the lower parts of atmosphere.
Ozone levels become particularly high in. Get this from a library. Air pollution by ozone in Europe in and summer [Frank de Leeuw; R J C F Sluyter; Annemarieke Camu; R M van Aalst] -- This report, part of a series started inis the annual report on ozone concentrations in ambient air in Europe.
It combines two separate reports, and summeroriginally produced. Air pollution by ground-level ozone continued to affect many countries across Europe during summeraccording to a new briefing published by the European Environment Agency (EEA).
Almost all reporting countries exceeded at least once the long-term objective set by EU legislation, while the stricter alert threshold was exceeded only on four occasions.
Fiala, J., Cernikovsky, L., de Leeuw, F. & Kurfuerst, P. Air pollution by ozone in Europe in summer - Overview of exceedances of EC ozone threshold values during the summer season April– by: Despite strict controls on precursor emissions, ozone air pollution has not decreased over Europe in recent decades.
This is largely attributed to water-stressed vegetation; during heatwaves and. AIR POLLUTION BY OZONE IN EUROPE IN SUMMER Directive 92/72/EEC on air pollution by ozone by 15 September Summary Ground-level photochemical ozone is one of the air pollutants of most concern in Europe in ca.
30 % between and The more close correlation of exceedance numbers with. European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change () Air pollution by ozone in summer EEA Technical Report No. 5, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark Google Scholar Cited by: 5. The GAIA air quality monitoring stations are using high-tech laser particle sensors to measure in real-time PM pollution, which is one of the most harmful air pollutants.
Very easy to set up, they only require a WIFI access point and a USB power supply. Once connected, air pollution levels are reported instantaneously and in real-time on our maps. The impact of global air pollution on climate and the environment is a new focus in atmospheric science.
Intercontinental transport and hemispheric air pollution by ozone jeopardize agricultural Author: Hajime Akimoto. General overview. Air pollution harms human health and the environment. Nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter pollution pose serious health risks while Europe's sensitive ecosystem areas are affected by acid deposition of excess sulphur and nitrogen compounds (SOx, NOx, NH 3).
Air pollutants are emitted from human activities, mainly the combustion of fuels. This report, "Air Pollution in Europe ", which is timed to support new EU policy initiatives in /8, assesses several environmental problems in which air pollution plays a major role.
Air pollution - Air pollution - Ozone: A key component of photochemical smog, ozone is formed by a complex reaction between nitrogen dioxide and hydrocarbons in the presence of sunlight. It is considered to be a criteria pollutant in the troposphere—the lowermost layer of the atmosphere—but not in the upper atmosphere, where it occurs naturally and serves to block harmful ultraviolet rays.
Studies have shown that European ozone levels have increased rapidly since Victorian times, although recent peak concentrations in and were around half those recorded in the summer of See an overview about air pollution.
You can see current monitored ozone levels.Ozone air pollution is a significant health hazard in Europe 75 Health effects of long-range transboundary ozone are most likely 75 proportional to the contribution of long-range sources to ozoneFile Size: 1MB.This is a book about environmental engineering for nontechnical students.
No attempt is made to cover air and water pollution, solid waste disposal or noise pollution in a rigorous way.